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以《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》为例解析反派在故事中的塑造

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《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》

When I think about《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》why it is so successful, the answer seems to always be obvious: the clown.

In other movies, there are also many psychopathic villains, but also villains who want to come up with elaborate crime plans, but the clowns are different.

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Clown

This does not mean that just adding a clown character to the film will make the film excellent. The detailed case is referenced to DC's other manuscript《自杀小队》.

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《自杀小队》

So, the clown in《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》, where is his uniqueness? Just because of Heath Ledger’s extraordinary acting, there are other factors.

This article will let us explore the role of the villain in the story and analyze why the clown is the perfect opponent for Batman.

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First, let's start with the famous writing tutor Robert McGee's《故事》.

"The fun and affection of the protagonist and his story depends entirely on how powerful the villain is"

Robert McGee《故事》

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Robert McGee

The meaning of Robert McGee is that the villains must be strong. The stronger the villain, the greater the resistance to the protagonist. The greater the resistance, the more exciting the story.

Take《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》as an example, what is the strong meaning?

Unique advice: Create an opponent who is particularly good at attacking the Achilles heel of the protagonist.

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小丑

小丑特别擅长攻击蝙蝠侠的阿基里斯脚后跟。

蝙蝠侠的大部分力量来自于他使用“体力”带来恐惧的能力,小丑愿意创造一种让蝙蝠侠的力量失去作用的局面。

例如,当小丑绑架了Rachel和Harvey Dante时,即使蝙蝠侠击败小丑,小丑仍然笑着告诉蝙蝠侠:“你无事可做,没有什么可以威胁到我。”

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小丑

代码:别杀了。

因此,小丑创造的混乱更大,杀死的人越多,就越能反映蝙蝠侠的道德准则和他的弱点。因为真正阻止小丑的唯一方法是杀死他,但蝙蝠侠永远不会这样做。

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小丑

但是小丑的计划不仅要打败蝙蝠侠,还要让哥谭真正教会他的力量。他实现这一目标的方法是迫使主角成为一个艰难的选择。

根据罗伯特麦吉的说法:“一个人在压力下的选择将揭示他的真实性格。压力越大,表现越彻底,选择越接近人物的本性。”

因此,在任何故事中,来自敌人的力量必须对主角施加越来越大的压力,迫使他们做出越来越难的选择。这些选择主要表现出其本质。

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小丑和瑞秋

迫使主角选择折磨人类可以说是小丑的计划。

蝙蝠侠开始面临一系列问题的开始,从小丑威胁要宣布他的真实身份。起初,蝙蝠侠拒绝了这名恐怖分子的请求。我们看到作为一名观众,他有决心进行正义,但事实上它是小丑不能停止,总是比蝙蝠侠领先一步。

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小丑

《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》这个故事的进展非常类似于另一部同样有一个好恶棍的电影《七宗罪》。

例如,蝙蝠侠和戈登对犯罪现场进行了调查,发现指纹导致他们进入嫌疑人的住所,却发现这些都是恶棍策略的一部分。另外,甚至故意抓住小丑的计划与《七宗罪》相似。

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《七宗罪》

在这个过程中,随着人们继续死亡,蝙蝠侠的压力越来越大,高谭市的人们将指责蝙蝠侠,直到压力太大,蝙蝠侠揭示了他真正的自我特征。

布鲁斯韦恩选择“奖励自己”,但哈维丹特取代他声称他是蝙蝠侠,防止这种情况发生。

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蝙蝠侠

蝙蝠侠自我最明显的选择是小丑迫使他在Harvey Dante和Rachel之间做出选择。选择雷切尔揭示了蝙蝠侠不愿意为了高谭市的利益而牺牲,这是他决心的极限,但小丑不会让事情如此简单。

在整部影片中,小丑迫使蝙蝠侠做出一系列选择,以揭示当他真正承受压力时最关心的人和事。蝙蝠侠被迫面对他的真实自我。

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我怎样才能确定小人是否适合主角?

虽然小丑非常适合蝙蝠侠,但它可能与其他主角不相符。

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Clown and Batman

"Only competing for the same goal can force the protagonist and the opponent to confront each other and repeat the process as the story progresses." John Trubi

This definition can help us identify whether the villain is suitable for the protagonist. So how do Batman and the clown compete for the same goal?

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Clown and Batman

Both of them have their own views on what the city of Gotham should have. Batman fights for hope and is committed to eliminating crimes in Gotham City. For law and order, the clown subverts the existing order and puts everything in chaos. Batman fights clowns, and law and order fight chaos.

In the last scene, the clown even had a line that clearly expressed what he knew about the struggle between the two.

"You don't really think that I will risk a fight against the soul of Gotham and fight with you?"

clown

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The last scene

Both of them compete for the soul of Gotham, and only one person can win.

This shows that even if a crisis is limited in scale, it can be wonderful as long as it has its own particularity.

In the final scene, life is only a few hundred people on the cruise ship. It is not a villain that Batman is fighting against. When the villain plan destroys the world, at a higher level of thought, we know as a viewer that this is impossible, because the producers need to make a sequel, but the clown is entirely likely to blow up both cruise ships, he will give the movie Bring a ending similar to《星球大战:帝国反击战》as a powerful cushion for the next one.

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Clown

xxAs mentioned above, Batman and the clown are not the survival of human beings, but the soul of Gotham. The most crucial thing is that the win or lose of this matter is personal.

In summary, the clown is not only very good at attacking the hero's Achilles heel, but also makes Batman into a difficult choice in the process of competing for the soul of Gotham. What is the cumulative effect of all this? What is the most fundamental function of the clown?

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Clown

In the screenplay, butler Alfred always points out what Batman needs to comprehend.

"Some people are not pursuing anything that normal people are pursuing, such as money, they don't accept buying, they are not afraid of being threatened, they are unreasonable, they can't negotiate, and some people just want to see your world destroyed." p>

Alfred

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Butler Alfred

In the beginning, Batman thought that the criminal was for money, and that things had the logic of its occurrence, but he learned that he could not despise the enemy, and that his power would also turn into a weakness. The clown made Batman grow more intelligent.

Due to the pressure from the villains, Batman realized that the single-handedness is really limited, but with the right allies can be unfavorable, the clown makes Batman's determination more determined.

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Clown

"You either die like a hero, or you just live until you break into the wicked, I can take it because I am not a hero, I can be anything that Gotham needs me to be"

Batman

In the process of fighting for the soul of Gotham, he realized that he could make difficult choices that others could not do. The clown made Batman a "dark knight."

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Clown

xx《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》作为一个例子,展现了当反派的力量植根于主人公时会发生什么,当双方不可分割,互为硬币正反两面时会发生什么。

小丑之所以是一个伟大的反派,不是因为他疯狂的笑声或是不可预料的行事风格。他之所以伟大,是因为他对于故事,对于主人公起到独特而深远的影响。

小丑正是“黑暗骑士”最完美的反派。

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